mysql的四种启动方式:1、mysqld启动mysql服务器:./mysqld --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=root客户端连接:mysql --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnformysql -S /tmp/mysql.sock2、mysqld_safe启动mysql服务器:./mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf --user=root &客户端连接:mysql --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnformysql -S /tm/mysql.sock3、mysql.servercp -v /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/chkconfig --add mysql.server启动mysql服务器:service mysql.server {start|stop|restart|reload|force-reload|status}客户端连接:同1、24、mysqld_multimkdir $MYSQL_BASE/data2cat <<-EOF>> /etc/my.cnf[mysqld_multi]mysqld = /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safemysqladmin = /user/local/mysql/bin/mysqladminuser = mysqladminpassword = mysqladmin[mysqld3306]port

= 3306socket

= /tmp/mysql3306.sockpid-file = /tmp/mysql3306.pidskip-external-lockingkey_buffer_size = 16Mmax_allowed_packet = 1Mtable_open_cache = 64sort_buffer_size = 512Knet_buffer_length = 8Kread_buffer_size = 256Kread_rnd_buffer_size = 512Kmyisam_sort_buffer_size = 8Mbasedir

= /usr/local/mysqldatadir

= /usr/local/mysql/data[mysqld3307]port

= 3307socket

= /tmp/mysql3307.sockpid-file = /tmp/mysql3307.pidskip-external-lockingkey_buffer_size = 16Mmax_allowed_packet = 1Mtable_open_cache = 64sort_buffer_size = 512Knet_buffer_length = 8Kread_buffer_size = 256Kread_rnd_buffer_size = 512Kmyisam_sort_buffer_size = 8Mbasedir

= /usr/local/mysqldatadir

= /usr/local/mysql/data2EOF#mysql -S /tmp/mysql3306.sockmysql>GRANT SHUTDOWN ON *.* TO 'mysqladmin'@'localhost' identified by 'mysqladmin' with grant option;#mysql -S /tmp/mysql3307.sockmysql>GRANT SHUTDOWN ON *.* TO 'mysqladmin'@'localhost' identified by 'mysqladmin' with grant option;启动mysql服务器:./mysqld_multi --defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf start 3306-3307关闭mysql服务器:mysqladmin shutdown可参考<>http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.1/zh/database-administration.html#server-side-scripts

快照源:http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-13642598-id-3153537.html